reducing "Crew-caused"
approach and landing
accidents 

Pilot-in-charge Monitored Approach

2018 ATR72 struck water on app Al Hoceima Morocco

Brief account : 

The accident occurred during a non-precision final approach with the F/O who was nominally PF but under unofficial instruction. As a result of the Captain's directions the aircraft descended below MDA in the absence of visual cues. During a last moment missed approach the aircraft touched down on the sea approximately 2630 metres from the runway threshold. The F/O initiated a G/A before the Captain, who initially physically opposed him. The aircraft sustained significant damage and likely avoided being destroyed because of its high wing configuration. 

Crew-related factors : 

There were deliberate and egregious breaches of procedures. While the F/O was nominally the Pilot in charge, in reality he was almost entirely following the Captain's improper instructions. This event is an extreme example of the authority gradient contributing to a "crew-caused" accident.       

Type: 
ATR72
Where: 
Al Hoceima Morocco
Expected weather: 
Instrument
Pilot in charge: 
F/O under direction
Early transition: 
Unknown
Go-around : 
Below DH/A
Damage: 
Serious
PicMA potential: 
Minor
Year: 
2018
Time: 
Day
Deterioration: 
Yes
Vert Guidance: 
None
Both Head Up: 
Yes
LoC: 
No
Operator: 
RAM
Fully prepared: 
No
Actual Weather: 
Low Cloud
Other vis
Autopilot : 
Y
CCAG: 
High